Express perennials, 9 plants that bloom in the first year

Usually perennials are sown in February-March for seedlings, transplanted into the ground in the spring, and this season the plants mostly grow green mass, and only in the next they bloom. But among them are those that bloom in the first year.

The so-called express perennials are grown seedlings. From January to March, they are sown in a moist fertile soil: a mixture of sod or leaf earth, humus, peat and river sand is used in a ratio of 2: 2: 2: 1. In this case, before sowing, it is desirable to shed the soil with a pink solution of potassium permanganate.

Seedlings are fed regularly. If the leaves of the plant are pale, apply ammonium nitrate (20 g per 10 l of water), if the seedlings grow slowly - they are sprayed with a growth stimulator (Epin or Zircon - just dilute 2 drops of the drug in a glass of water). In open ground, seedlings are planted together with other perennial flowers and take care of these plants equally.

So, let's see what beautiful perennial flowers are worth planting in the garden to enjoy their lush flowering in the first year.

Gailartia awning

This is a tall (up to 70 cm) perennial "daisy" with bright yellow-orange-red petals and pubescent leaves. It is unpretentious, grows quickly, blooms throughout the summer. But that the flowers were bright, plants should be planted on sunny areas, where moisture does not stagnate.

Gailartia awning

Gaylardii seeds sown on seedlings in late March and watered moderately. At the same time they are not sprinkled with earth, but simply covered with plastic or glass and placed in a room with a temperature of 20-24 ° C. Gailardia does not tolerate overmoistening, so after the emergence of sprouts, watering is reduced.

Helenium autumn

Externally helenium is similar to gaylard - the same bright orange or yellow "chamomile". But still these plants have differences.

Helenium autumn

Despite the name, gelenium blooms not in autumn, but in summer. The flower-bud can reach a height of 150 cm. This flower is unpretentious, loves sunny and damp places. Seeds for seedlings sow in February, and in May seedlings are planted in open ground.

Delphinium Belladonna

The delphiniums of the Belladonna group appeared as a result of the intersection of the high delphinium and the grandiflora delphinium. These plants have high (up to 2 m) stems, on which paniculate inflorescences are located from large simple or semi-double flowers in the shape of a bowl. Most often they are blue, white, blue or purple.

Delphinium Belladonna

Seeds are sown on seedlings superficially in early February. They are lightly sprayed with water, covered with film and put in a dark place with a temperature of 15-18 ° C. When seedlings appear (usually after 15-20 days), the container with the seedlings is transferred to a bright room with a temperature of 19-22 ° C and the film is removed.

Seedlings are watered moderately, 2 months after sowing, they are seated one by one in 1 liter pots, in May they are “resettled” into open ground, and in June they are already admiring spectacular flowering.

Red kentrantus

This plant has paniculate inflorescences with small red flowers at the ends of tall peduncles (about 90 cm high). Kentrantus is similar to valerian, but unlike it does not have healing properties.

Red kentrantus

In the summer to enjoy the abundant bloom of red inflorescences that look like clouds, seeds are sown in late February - early March.The container is kept at a temperature of 20-22 ° C and is lightened so that the seedlings receive light at least 6 hours a day.

After the appearance of 2-3 present leaves, the plants are planted one at a time and kept at a temperature of 16-18 ° C. At the end of May, the seedlings are planted in open ground and fed every 2 weeks with complex mineral fertilizer.

Kentrantus prefers loose, fertile soil. The plant is watered only in arid weather, and under such conditions it blossoms perfectly until September. In late autumn, the stems are pruned and in the winter they cover Kentrantus with lapnik or spunbond.

Bell Carpathian

Delicate bells of white and purple color decorate any flowerbed, but they look best in a stony garden.

Bell Carpathian

Seeds are sown superficially in the first half of February, watered, covered with foil and kept at a temperature of 18-21 ° C. Moisten the soil regularly. After 2-2.5 months the seedlings are dived into individual pots with a diameter of 8-10 cm, and in May they are transplanted into the open ground. This plant is undemanding in care: it needs periodic weeding, watering in arid times and short pruning in autumn.

Chinese Rose Angel Wings

This unpretentious rosette with a height of only about 30 cm can grow both in open ground and at home in a container. On a low bush bloom numerous semi-double and terry roses of white and pink color. With the timely removal of wilted flowers, new buds are quickly tied.

Chinese Rose Angel Wings

In February and March, the seeds of the rose are sown in peat ground, lightly sprinkled with vermiculite, sprayed with a spray bottle and covered with plastic wrap. Seedlings kept at a temperature of 18-20 ° C and daily sprayed with water at room temperature. After the emergence of shoots, the temperature is reduced to 10-14 ° C, and with the formation of several true leaves, the plants are planted in separate small containers, and in May - in open ground.

Express Clematis

Several clematis are attributed to express perennials: Tangut, Oriental, pilate-leaved, etc. In the flower gardens, Clematis Tangut is most often grown as a spectacular vine. Its shoots (about 2.5 m long) are densely covered with golden-yellow bell-flowers.

Clematis of TangutClematis of Tangut

From January to March, seeds are sown in large grooves, lightly sprinkled with sand, moistened and covered with film.Crops are sprayed daily with water. After the appearance of these leaves, the seedlings are placed in cups one at a time, and in the second half of May they are transplanted into the open ground. To make the vine grow better, it is pinched over 2-3 leaves.

Caucasian Scabiosa

In this perennial, strong and straight shoots (up to 70 cm high) in June-July are covered with white, pink, purple, lilac or purple flowers with a diameter of about 10 cm.

Caucasian Scabiosa

Seeds are sown on seedlings in February and left in a room with an air temperature of 18-20 ° C. When these leaves appear, seedlings are seated in separate pots and grown at a temperature of 10 ° C. Seedlings are mildly watered and once a week fed with a complex mineral fertilizer, and in mid-May planted in open ground.

Scabiosa grows well on sunny areas and prefers soil rich in humus. To make the flowers bright, plants are fed 2 times a month with potash-phosphate fertilizer. In winter, the plant stems are cut and covered with spruce leaves.

Lobelia is beautiful

The shape of the bush and inflorescences, this spectacular flower resembles delphinium. Flower color can be different: purple, blue, scarlet, salmon, red, wine.

Lobelia is beautiful

Seedlings develop 4 months, so the seeds are sown superficially in late January - early February in loose soil with neutral acidity. The container with seeds is placed in a well-lit place with a temperature of 18-22 ° C and 1-2 times a day sprayed with water.

For the successful cultivation of lobelia seedlings, a 16-hour daylight day is needed, so the seedlings are made light.

When there are real leaves, the temperature is reduced to 13-16 ° C. One month after sowing, the plants are planted in separate containers, and in late April - early May, they are transplanted into open ground. Lobelia prefers sunny places with moderately moist soils.



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