Extractor - an indispensable assistant in the kitchen
Hoods have appeared in the world for quite some time. The first to appreciate their Americans. But then the residents of other countries also realized that such a device was not only useful, but sometimes necessary. But it is important to choose a hood that is suitable for your kitchen and will work smoothly. And how to do it?
Is it difficult to make a choice?
Some, in general, think that the models presented in stores do not have any fundamental differences. Previously, it was so. But modern devices have the most diverse characteristics, features and functions. Some 10 years ago they could not even think about them, but today all this is available.
In addition, the volume of polluted air in the cooking process may be different, this, too, must be taken into account when choosing. And finally, the hood is part of the kitchen interior, so it should fit into the design of this room, and not spoil it. That's why you need to take this responsibility carefully and carefully.
How it works?
In general, the main task of the hood is to remove steam, soot and polluted air from the kitchen, which are formed during cooking. But it is provided in different ways.
Types of hoods, depending on the principle of operation:
- Flow hoods work in such a way that steam and other air pollution are discharged outside (that is, to the street) through a blower. But on the blower can be deposited particles of fat and soot. And to avoid this, some manufacturers equip their devices with special metal coarse filters. If there is no such filter, then the hood must be periodically washed by hand. In this case, the performance of the device (it is expressed in the amount of polluted air that the hood can eliminate) will not fall. By the way, high productivity is the main advantage of this type of hoods. And still such devices have an opportunity not only to remove everything bad from the air, but also to ensure its circulation (that is, the renewal and supply of the new and fresh from the street). But such hoods are difficult to install, you can install them only in the immediate vicinity of the ventilation ducts or openings.In this case, the ventilation must always be new and clean. And one more drawback is that the flow hood can fully work only with the access of oxygen, that is, with the window open (and in the cold it is rather unpleasant and problematic).
- Circulating hoods have a different principle of operation. They draw in the polluted air, drive it through the cleaning system, and already cleansed are fed back into the room. Such devices also have coarse filters that remove soot, soot, grease and other particles. But here there are also fine carbon filters that allow you to remove small particles, such as dust. Unpleasant odors are also neutralized. But carbon filters suggest some resistance, which negatively affects the power of the device, because of which performance drops. In addition, these filters can not be cleaned, they certainly need to be changed. Some devices have special indicators that tell you exactly when to replace. The price of this hood will be much lower than the flow one, and the installation is simpler and not so laborious.
How to choose a good kitchen hood so that it fits into the space and does not take up much space? It is necessary to take into account the structure of this device.
According to the configuration, the hoods are also divided into several types:
- Flat (suspended hoods) is the easiest option. No additional modules or parts are required, the hood is placed above the stove, and above it you can safely hang a cabinet, for example. It is quite convenient and practical, especially in a small kitchen.
- Built-in hood is usually placed in the cabinet, in the bottom of which is located the air intake. The lower unit may have a retractable design that will allow you to completely cover the entire stove and the surrounding space. Above the exhaust hood, there may be free space, for example, for a shelf or a drawer, but not so much.
- Dome hoods assume a variety of options. Such a device is usually a decorative single unit that can be made in the shape of a cone, a pyramid, an inverted T, or an umbrella with a pipe. Such devices involve a great many design solutions and can be a separate full part of the kitchen interior.The chimney-type dome hood is mounted on the wall above the stove (directly or at an angle). But the island-type devices are attached to the ceiling.
- Also today in stores you can find hoods like "Domino". They are built into the kitchen table or tabletop next to the stove, and not above it, as is done most often.
When buying a hood, it is important to take into account the design of the kitchen, as this device is quite large and certainly catches the eye when looking at the room. And to extract the interior, it must be performed in the same style. For example, in a classic kitchen hood will fit perfectly with wooden inserts. And in the high-tech dining room, a metal device with glass details will look great.
In order for all the polluted air to be completely exhausted, it is necessary that the extractor be the same size as the stove. Otherwise, the cinder will go to other rooms, and not be captured by the air intake (it simply will not reach it). So measure the plate, and only then go to the store.
As noted above, the performance of the hood is called the volume of air to be purified.How to determine this indicator? Consider that in an hour the air should be renewed about 10-12 times in case of cooking in the kitchen. So you can use a simple formula.
Count the volume of the room. For this you need to multiply its height by width, and then by length. Multiply the resulting number by 10. You will get the approximate required (or sufficient) performance.
But consider the intensity of air pollution. For example, if you cook infrequently and not very long, then the optimal performance in this case would be 200-300 cubic meters per hour. But if you cook a lot and almost constantly, or someone often smokes in the kitchen, it is better to choose a model with a capacity of about 1000 cubic meters per hour.
The more efficient the hood, the more noise it makes. But some manufacturers try to fix it with additional details. The optimal values for an apartment are 30-45 decibels. And at 50, inconveniences may already occur.
Various models can have different modes and functions. So, some models have several levels of work (switching from one to another can be done mechanically or electronically).
Here are some possible additional features:
- Quick clean.
- Sensors of air purity.
- Residual fan stroke for complete cleaning.
- Automatic mode change.
- Digital timer
- Continuous noiseless operation or interval switching.
The price of such a device, depending on performance, design, manufacturer and functionality can vary from 4 to 20 or more thousand rubles.
Make a deliberate purchase to make it successful!
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