Growing zucchini in a warm bed
Squashes are exactly the culture with which even a novice gardener is able to cope. With a minimum of labor, this vegetable rewards the gardener with excellent fruits that have a variety of uses in cooking. In addition, well-ripened vegetables are able to maintain their freshness until winter. Zucchini is a relative of pumpkin and squash. Depending on the variety, its fruits may have different colors and shapes. The culture is very responsive to sunlight and water, which determines the conditions for growing such a vegetable.
Most Popular Sorts of Zucchini When choosing a planting material, first of all you should pay attention to the domestic selection. Today, a lot of foreign varieties have appeared on the seed market, which rather painfully adapt to the conditions of our climate. If we consider such a parameter as frost resistance, then only domestic varieties are suitable for the central and northern regions of our country. But for the southern regions are quite suitable import options. It is worth noting that foreign varieties of zucchini on the seed market are presented in the form of hybrid plants, so our zucchini differs from foreign counterparts with increased nutritional value and taste. Domestic varieties of zucchini also have a longer shelf life and are most preferable for canning. Today, the best varieties of zucchini have early and very early ripening periods. The first places in the ranking are the following types:
- Aeronaut (zucchini);
- Gribovsky 37 (white-fruited);
- Iskander F1;
Creating a warm bed and especially agrotechnicsGrowing squash from seeds can be done in two ways: seedling and sowing in open ground. The first method allows you to speed up fruiting, but if you plant material on a warm bed, the vegetative lag will be almost imperceptible.In addition, the summer resident will be spared from home cluttering up the window sills with various seedlings. A warm bed for zucchini is created on the principle of puff pie. Outwardly, such a plot of land is unremarkable, but the underground part of the ridge is capable of emitting thermal energy, which is so necessary for young plants in the spring. At the site where the courgettes are supposed to be planted, it is necessary to dig a trench 45 cm deep. Extracted soil, if it is fertile, will be needed later, so you should not carry it far away. Organic material is laid at the bottom of the pit. It can be mowed grass, not rotten leaves, straw, and even a newspaper. Then the layer is covered with earth, and the remaining space is filled with last year’s humus from the compost. Organic materials are sprinkled on top of the remaining earth. In conclusion, you can use galvanized beds for shaping, or simply enclose a plot with wooden sides. Finish a ready-made garden bed with plenty of water and, after moistening, cover it with dark material. It is necessary to do this so that the underground layers begin to release heat. To speed up the process, you can water the area with fresh manure.During the preparatory period, some subsidence of the soil is sometimes observed, this problem can be corrected by adding ready-made humus. Digging up such a plantation is prohibited. It is worth noting that such a battery will work for 2-3 years. If this technology seems to someone rather time-consuming, then in this case it is possible to confine ourselves to warm pits.
Technology of cultivationLife of vegetable marrow begins with germination of seeds. This procedure must be done in order to have full confidence in the quality of the seed. Despite the large size and rather thick shell, the quality seed is pecked off in a warm and humid environment for 3-4 days. Many gardeners planting zucchini seeds in the open ground begins with the study of the lunar seed calendar. It is customary to plant pumpkin crops on a growing moon, so when soaking seeds, this fact should be paid special attention. In their structure, zucchini consists of 80% of water, and therefore they are quite sensitive to the ebb and flow of the vital forces controlled by the satellite of the earth.and direct sowing in the ground, subject to the presence of a warm bed can be carried out in the second half of May. Growing zucchini in the greenhouse of gardeners is not practiced due to the fact that this crop has a rather large green mass and requires natural pollination.
Care for zucchini in the open fieldPlanting zucchini should be done in the morning or in cloudy weather. In a shallow well several seeds are placed simultaneously at a distance of 3-4 cm from each other. Later on, when shoots appear, the weakest shoots are removed. In the period of the formation of the first leaves, the culture needs good watering. However, such a procedure is desirable once a week. When pulling the stem you need to ensure that the roots are not exposed. To do this, you can pour the seedling to the base of the ground. Loosening and digging up the soil around the plant is prohibited, as the surface root system can be damaged. It is best to mulch the ground with mowed grass or rotted manure. Spray and climbing varieties of zucchini tend to build up a large mass of greenery.To ensure sunlight access to the flowers, some leaves of the plant must be removed. You can also carry out manual pollination to increase the yield.
FertilizationCare for courgettes in the open field includes periodic plant nutrition. While the seedlings are in the seedling stage, additional nutrients are not required.The first portion of fertilizer must be made in preparing the culture for flowering. During this period, the plant requires growth vitamins and immunostimulants. It is best to conduct stimulating feeding liquid mullein solution. It is very important not to overfeed young saplings, otherwise the zucchini will begin to grow the foliage, and not the ovary. Repeated fertilization will be required during the fruiting period. To improve the chemical composition of the product, the plant requires potassium and phosphate mixtures.
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