Henna for hair: how to dye and how to wash it off?
Henna has been used to change hair color for many years. This is one of the popular dyes presented by nature. The habitat of this plant is Asia and Africa. This is a well-known tool in the north of Africa and the Middle East.
Benefits of henna hair coloring
Among the advantages of hair dye with henna are:
cooling effect. The use of henna will make you feel cool, because its use in the summer is especially useful. It is characterized by antimicrobial properties;
Henna fights dandruff. This is an excellent remedy for itching and irritation. Helps to activate hair growth, gives hair health and strength;
henna removes gray hair. Systematic use will help to completely paint over gray hair. It helps to slow down the aging of the curls.
Henna has many useful features:
green chlorophylls tone curls;
Hennotanic acid fights microbes and fungi on the scalp. Hair becomes softer, stronger, more magnificent, dandruff goes away;
the resins regenerate the curls without making them heavier.After using henna, the hair is restored, but remains light;
tannin fights loss, strengthening roots;
polysaccharides are natural conditioners. It moisturizes the skin, fights brittleness and dry curls;
acids reduce fat, normalize the function of the glands;
pectins give extra volume;
Essential oils have a positive effect on the skin and curls, strengthening them.
Principle of henna
The main principle of action of henna on the hair is that the plant contains Lawnone tannin molecules. They are not visible because they are masked by chlorophyll. When kneading leaves and mixing them with acidified water, the molecules go outside, because cellulose cell walls disappear. The dyes pass from the mixture, destroying the epidermis, into the hair shafts, they are connected to keratin.
If this is too complicated an explanation, then this process is also described as follows: if a wet tea bag is left on white fabric, tannin will turn into fibers. So stains remain. And the more time tea lies on the fabric, the darker the color of the spot.
Therefore, before the henna painting procedure begins, it is necessary to dilute it with citrus juice and let it stand overnight. During this period, the pigments are completely exempt.
Henna is a plant substance that positively affects the health of the hair in general, as well as their appearance.
The final color depends on the shade of the hair, because the dye molecules are mixed with keratin. Therefore, each curl is different in color, and all people will have different shades.
The use of henna gives the curls radiance, smoothness, regenerates them after chemical dyes. But before applying henna should try on one of the strands.
To prepare henna for painting, you need to mix the powder with slightly acidified water for several reasons. Cellulose is dissolved in paint to release the pigment. Hydrogen in the dye particles should be preserved until keratin and henna are bound. This will make it possible to make the shade dark and keep it. If hydrogen does not have time to attach to the dye particles, the color is bright orange and rapidly fade.
It is enough to mix paint and lemon juice. If the skin reacts to lemon irritation, then choose the juice of other citrus fruits. Vinegar and wine are also suitable, but leave an unpleasant smell. Fits another tea with lemon.
Remember the rules of mixing henna.This will help avoid unpleasant situations and unwanted hair color.
Do not add yogurt, because its protein prevents the release of pigment and "eats" paint. Not advised to mix henna with coffee. It changes color, and the curls will get an unpleasant smell. If you mix henna and coffee, you get a deeper chestnut hue. Add 2 tbsp to the composition. olive oil to restore depleted curls. Clove powder enhances color, but can cause skin irritation. Never use boiling water to dilute henna. It gives a copper-orange hue to the curls.
Divorced henna is required to cover the film and let stand overnight. During this period, the dye will be released, and it will be ready for manipulation. To speed up the process, place the dishes in heat (35 degrees). Then the paint will be prepared in 2 hours.
So, how much henna is required for coloring:
if curls are short, then 100 g is enough;
for hair that reaches the shoulders, it takes 2 times more - 200 g;
if curls just below the shoulders - 300 g;
For curls to the waist, you need half a kilo of henna.
One spoon contains 7 g of henna. And in half a glass - 50 grams.
There are some important henna tips:
it is a permanent paint. It is not removed from the hair;
hair slowly darkens. If you came out too saturated color, you should not worry. It will be a couple of days and it will become darker;
with each procedure, a greater amount of coloring matter is absorbed into the hair. If the curls have darkened a little, repeat the procedure;
if you like the shade, do not need it to darken, then paint only the roots;
henna is allowed to dye hair after ordinary dyes. Before this, do a check on an inconspicuous area of hair;
In addition, it is important to check henna for an allergic reaction.
Henna application rules
So, let's consider the rules of applying henna to the hair:
Henna is used on clean curls to achieve the best result.
It does not play a role, they are dry or wet. But it is better to make manipulations on wet curls, so the paint is more absorbed. Do not forget about testing.
Apply a cream along the hairline and ears. This will help avoid staining of the skin.
Divide hair into parts by 3 cm. This approach helps to better cover the curls, without skipping.
Use gloves to protect hands.
Apply henna along the entire length of the curl.
Take a little strand each time. The manipulations continue until all the curls are covered evenly. If the paint remains, it needs to be distributed. After application, there is a light weight.
Leave the henna to act.
For a light shade it takes 40 minutes under a towel and 60 minutes without it. Dark hair will need at least 50 minutes with a towel and 80 without it.
Rinse curls with warm water.
It takes a long time to flush the henna. Divide the curls into strands and rinse them one by one.
Then use the usual shampoo.
Henna root dyeing
To produce henna root staining, there are 2 ways. The first is as follows:
paint is required to be applied to the roots with a special tool;
making movements to the right ear, you want to separate the curls 1-2 cm;
when you reach the ear, all the hair needs to be shifted to the other side and start from the center of the head, moving to the left;
after coloring the front end, go to the back of the head. You will need 2 mirrors. One behind, and the second ahead. Apply the same way: divide the curls by 2 cm;
after the end of the manipulations, cover the hair with a film and a towel.
For the second method, you will need to purchase a bottle for hair coloring or a confectionery bag. These devices help to simplify the process of staining and make it more accurate.
How to wash off henna
On the bags write a warning that henna can not be washed off. And the hair that was painted by it, you can not use chemical paints. Therefore, it is believed that henna is an overly durable paint, it can not be removed. But is it? How to wash the henna yourself?
For this, various methods have been devised. The most effective result is achieved within 14 days after dyeing, but older paints are also washed off. One of the methods is as follows: hair is smeared with 70% alcohol and left for 5 minutes. Now you need to prepare a mask from vegetable oil or special, which is used to remove the paint. Apply on the length and cover with a towel. The higher the oil temperature, the better the result will be. Leave the mask for 120 minutes. If you warm up with a hairdryer, then the gap is reduced to half an hour. Now wash it off. Oils perfectly remove the paint.
To eliminate henna from the hair there are several ways.But experts say that the most effective - with the use of oils.
Another way - a mask based on kefir. 200 grams mixed with 40 grams of yeast. Apply to hair and let it work. This method removes about 20% of henna. But the hair needs to be washed with laundry soap. A manipulation is repeated daily for a week.
Another option is to pour 3 tablespoons of vinegar into the basin with water, dip the hair for 10 minutes, then rinse and smear it with balsam. The bright red color will be replaced by copper.
There is a way to remove henna with the addition of basma. It is brewed, mixed with olive oil. In the heated form, the mixture is rubbed and left for half an hour. To achieve the result, repeat a couple of times. Another option with Basma: brew and smear dried curls for 20 minutes. Will help restore the natural shade.
A lemon mask is prepared as follows: juice and finely chopped lemon are applied for 3 hours to curls. Repeat three times a week. The effect is achieved after 7 treatments. Coffee also changes hair color: mix 4 spoons with 2 tablespoons of henna and paint curls again.
Sour cream with sour cream for half an hour, warm the hair. This will visibly lighten the curls.
According to the reviews, the most effective results are achieved by using heated oils. The result depends on the structure of the hair. And if these funds do not help, then you can change the red color by painting with basma.
Express method of coloring henna
For the express method of dyeing with henna, 50 g for short hair and 200 g for long will be required:
henna is diluted with heated water to achieve a creamy consistency (about 1 tablespoon per 1 tablespoon of water). Place to remove lumps. Then cool. The composition drip a little concentrated oil. So the shade will get richer, and the paint will fall more evenly on the hair;
cover clothing, along the hair line and on the ears apply a cream;
henna dyed washed hair. The process begins with the neck. After that, the curls need to comb comb, massage for a uniform distribution;
The hair is covered with a film and fixed. Henna is stronger in warmth, because the top is to wind the towel.
The average time for staining is 1-1.5 hours. If you need to strengthen the curls, rather than changing the shade, then hold henna for 10 minutes. After a period of time, the hair is thoroughly rinsed with warm water until it becomes transparent. If the gray strands get a pale or yellowish color, repeat the procedure.
Questions and answers
Consider popular questions and answers about henna:
Can I use other paints after henna painting?
The answer is yes. You can apply staining after pure natural henna. But there is a moment that is important to know: ordinary dyes behave a little differently, compared to the use on unpainted hair.
The use of conventional paint will not violate the structure of your hair, but will give unexpected results, usually, the color turns out to be darker than expected. Chemical paint is washed off faster than usual, because Henna gives hair smoothness and reduces their porosity. Because of this, the paint is not able to absorb well.
Often, after henna, you can achieve a darker color by applying unnatural inks. For a better assimilation, lighten the curls, and then paint. But hair bleaching will be difficult, because henna prevents the absorption of paint.
Remember! If henna was used with Basma, then the use of ordinary paint will give the hair shades of green.
Can I restore my color after henna?
No, henna is almost impossible to wash off. To return its shade, the hair will have to lighten.
How to store henna
It is important to know how to properly store henna in order to preserve its properties. The powder is kept in places without moisture in a sealed package. Henna is able to maintain its properties for a couple of years, and sometimes longer, if it is frozen in a tightly closed container. It is still stored in the cold or in the dark in the cool. Henna can be stored at a temperature of +21 degrees, but not more than 1 year.
With proper storage, henna can save properties for several years. The option to freeze the finished mixture will help speed up the next coloring.
The mixture is stored in the freezer for six months. Before sending to the camera, it is important that the henna released the dye. Such a remedy will have a stronger effect. It is allowed to defrost, then freeze again a couple of times without losing strength.
The frost retains the dye, but it is used in warmth, because the shelf life is reduced. Try to keep the composition out of the freezer for the shortest amount of time.
Acid supplements (juice of lemon or fruit) prolong the life of the substance, because they help to keep the paint when defrosting frequently.
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