How can you quickly cure blepharitis?
Eye diseases are quite common, and one of them is blepharitis. Find out the causes of its development and the main methods of treatment.
Brief description of the disease
Blepharitis is not a specific disease, but a whole group of diseases accompanied by inflammation of the edges of the eyelid. Such inflammation is often chronic and in most cases difficult to treat. Blepharitis is common among all segments of the population, but is most common in older men and women, although it is also diagnosed in children. Contagious it is not considered.
There are several classifications of blepharitis. So, depending on the symptoms distinguish such varieties:
- Simple or scaly blepharitis is characterized by hyperemia, that is, filling with blood and redness, as well as thickening of the edge of the eyelids. These symptoms are accompanied by the formation of scales, consisting of desiccated keratinized particles of the epidermis and skin secretion. These clusters are localized at the base of the eyelashes and often glue them together to form lumps.
- Ulcerous form is more unpleasant, as the disease is accompanied by a purulent inflammation affecting the hair follicles of the eyelashes and the appearance of ulcers on the edges of the eyelids.
- Rosacea blepharitis. In this form, gray-red nodules with pustules form on the skin of the eyelids. Sometimes rosacea is associated with these nodules.
If the classification is based on the reasons for the development of blepharitis, then you can divide them into:
- Allergies develop against a background of allergic reactions.
- Meybomian blepharitis develops due to the inflammation of the so-called meibomia glands located in the cartilage of the eyelid and secreting a skin secret. With hypersecretion, blockage may occur, which is likely to cause inflammation (it can spread to all tissues of the eyelid).
- Demodekoznye blepharitis arise due to the multiplication and increased activity of skin mites of the genus Demodex, inhabiting predominantly in the hair follicles.
- Diseases that develop against the background of concomitant dermatological diseases, such as seborrhea, acne and others, are distinguished into a separate group.
Based on the anatomy of the symptomatology, they distinguish:
- Angular blepharitis - inflammation, localized mainly in the corners of the eyes.
- Front marginal blepharitis. In this case, the process extends to the ciliary edges of the eyelids.
- Posterior marginal blepharitis is characterized by inflammation of the thickness of the eyelids with the involvement of the meibomian glands.
What can arise?
The main causes of blepharitis are infections, most often bacterial, but there are also viral infections. Moreover, the inflammation of the eyelids in most cases results in the activity of conditionally pathogenic microorganisms, such as staphylococci. They inhabit human skin and are part of the natural microflora. But under certain conditions, such bacteria begin to multiply, which causes inflammation.
To increase the activity of pathogenic microorganisms, such negative factors as immunosuppression, eyelid injuries, anemia, vitamin deficiencies and hypovitaminosis (especially in children), chronic eye infections or nearby organs (eg, nasopharynx), dermatological diseases, metabolic disorders, allergic reactions, eye contact with foreign bodies and other.
In an adult, blepharitis may be the result of unfavorable living or working conditions, such as exposure to mucous membranes of harmful fumes or cigarette smoke.In addition, parasitic invasions, such as pediculosis, can also cause inflammation.
The symptoms of a disease like blepharitis depend on the form in which it occurs.
Possible manifestations of the disease:
- puffiness of the eyelids;
- redness, which can be localized on the mucous membranes, and on the skin;
- hyperemia, that is, a rush of blood, accompanied by the acquisition of skin burgundy hue and local temperature increase;
- feeling of heaviness in the eyelids;
- foreign body sensation;
- increased tearing or, on the contrary, excessive dryness of the eyes;
- accumulation of skin secretion between the eyelashes or in the corners of the eyes;
- you can find scales, localized at the base of the eyelashes at the edges of the eyelids;
- in some cases there is photophobia.
If the disease has acquired a chronic form, the symptoms can be blurred and fickle, manifesting sporadically in periods of exacerbations.
An experienced ophthalmologist will be able to detect blepharitis when examined, but additional diagnostic procedures will be needed to determine the cause of the disease, for example, examination of scales or tissue particles of the eyelid.
How to treat?
Treatment of blepharitis should be aimed at eliminating the causes of the development of this disease and all its unpleasant symptoms. Since in most cases the pathogens are bacteria, doctors recommend antibiotics, as a rule, for external use.
They are available as eye drops, ointments, creams, gels or solutions. Thus, agents based on gentamicin, chloramphenicol, erythromycin, neomycin, ciprofloxacin and other antibacterial components may be prescribed. Usually drugs are used several times a day, and the duration of treatment can reach 1.5-2 weeks.
If scaly blepharitis takes place, then it is recommended daily (preferably at bedtime) to treat the edges with a cotton swab dipped in a solution of brilliant green, that is, ordinary green. Also, the eyes should be cleaned twice a day. If there is a blockage or inflammation of the meibomian glands, then a massage of the eyelids will be useful, which will ensure the outflow of skin secretion. And for the speedy recovery of damaged mucous membranes, you can take vitamin complexes.
Accelerate recovery and some folk remedies:
- Eyes can be washed with a weak brew, both black and green tea, because tea leaves have anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and wound healing properties. In a warm liquid, moisten a cotton pad, attach it to the affected eyelid, and either just wipe it off or leave it for a while.
- Use herbal medicinal herbs such as chamomile, calendula, coltsfoot, sage. For cooking means one or two tablespoons of raw materials, pour a glass of boiling water. Then boil the composition for ten minutes, cool, strain and use for wiping, rinsing, compresses and lotions.
- Warming up sometimes helps, but when pus is formed and the body temperature rises it is contraindicated. For the procedure, boil the egg or potatoes, cool slightly and apply for fifteen to twenty minutes to the sore.
- Use aloe, this amazing plant will also help to destroy the pathogens of inflammation and accelerate the process of tissue regeneration.
Blepharitis is given to treatment, but it is completely possible to get rid of it only by consulting a doctor in time and starting the prescribed therapy.
100 Hat Ideas for Little Fashionies
40 Incredible Doll Houses Made with Soul
Salad with crab sticks - best recipes
New Year Button Applique
Capelin - a simple, but tasty fish
Stained Glass Butterfly