How did social pedagogy come about?

The appearance of the term “social” is associated with the name of the German teacher A. Disterweg. The origin of social pedagogy in Russia is attributed to the end of the 19th century; however, this science received a certain development only at the beginning of the last century as an attempt to implement the idea of ​​the relationship of school institutions and the social environment.
In foreign countries, the active study of various aspects of social pedagogy began in Germany in the 50s – 60s of the 20th century, at the same time professional activities of specialists in the field of social education and upbringing began to take shape
However, Germany can hardly be called the pioneer of this knowledge, because much earlier in Europe and the United States develops the type of activity, which was called "social work". Until now, a large number of common features can be found in the activities of a social pedagogue and a social worker; therefore, a single standard is used to regulate both professional which the names of the above professions are used as synonyms and are often written with a hyphen.

Social work

Sociologists on a professional basis perform educational, informational, advisory functions, provide support, organizing the protection and representation of the interests of clients, namely, low-income citizens, those who cannot take care of themselves on their own due to physiological, psychological or living conditions.
The principal difference between a social pedagogue and other social workers is the fact that minors act as traditional objects of care, which receive assistance in their upbringing and education.

Stages of development

All the historical development of social pedagogy can be presented in three stages.
The first stage, which is called “empirical”, is associated with the definition of practical elements in the upbringing and formation of various social and pedagogical ideas. This period is associated with the observation and description of the behavior of children in different socio-cultural groups.
The second stage is a scientific empirical one.This is the stage of forming ideas and scientific concepts, summing up the actual platform under the conclusions, made on the basis of observation. It is at the second stage, to which the second half of the twentieth century is conditionally assigned, social pedagogy is being shaped as a scientific discipline.
At the third stage, which is called “theoretical,” science develops, forming the basis for its own practical application. Today, social pedagogy can be presented as a science that can provide answers to questions about what exactly can happen now or in the future in the lives of people of different age categories under different circumstances, how the most favorable conditions can be created for the effective socialization of an individual, in what way, perhaps, to reduce the influence of circumstances that have an unfavorable basis, which may arise with individuals in the process of socialization.

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