How to breastfeed?
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Breastfeeding provides the newborn with all the vitamins and microelements necessary for him and forms a good immunity. Therefore, this type of food for babies is much more preferable than feeding with artificial mixtures, no matter how expensive, high-quality, branded they are. How to feed the child correctly, at what time and how often, read our article.
It is easy to learn how to breastfeed. However, you need to know some important nuances.
How to put the baby to the chest
- The baby usually instinctively opens the mouth as soon as it is brought to the chest. If suddenly he did not do this, you can independently send a nipple to his mouth - he will immediately capture it.
- The child must take in the mouth not only the nipple, but also the areola surrounding it. The lower lip should also slightly grip the chest just below the areola. The crumb presses the tongue against the areola and the nipple, thus squeezing out the milk.
- During feeding, the mouth, chin and nose fit snugly to the chest. Do not be afraid that the baby suffocate. If he suddenly becomes uncomfortable, he will tell you about it.
- During feeding, the head and back of the newborn must be held. The most convenient way to keep the baby on the elbow.
- After feeding, the nipple should dry - just do not hide the breast for a couple of minutes.
- Feed in a quiet, darkened, calm place.
How long to feed
The answer to this question will give you the child himself. The baby will eat until he is hungry. Then he will just turn away from his chest.
In this case, all kids are individual. Some people eat a lot and intensively - they have time to eat in literally 10-15 minutes. Other babies are too lazy to suck the maternal breast and eat for a long time, slowly. In the process may even fall asleep. In this case, do not be afraid to wake up the child gently - stroke the face, the handle, try to remove the nipple.
How often to feed
There are two options: some women breastfeed on schedule, others when the child asks for food.
The first option is extremely unfortunate, because taking care of her convenience, the mother forgets about the needs of the baby.The child is much better to eat as hunger appears, otherwise it can lead to disruptions in nutrition and stress.
The smallest number of feedings per day reaches 10-12 times per day, including the night period. Little grown-up babies produce a quite stable feeding schedule, and the baby begins to eat about 6-8 times a day. The desire to eat the baby can express crying, characteristic sucking movements of the lips, turning the head as if in search of a breast.
Regarding whether to continue breastfeeding in the days of menstruation, the answer to the question is positive. To feed these days is possible and necessary in order not to knock down the schedule and not to contribute to the development of stress in the child. At the same time, during the period of menstruation, the child may be less likely to drink the mother's milk. It may change a little and become a more frequent chair, you should not be afraid of it.
A serious reason for grieving for any mother is a decrease in the amount of milk or its absence. There are several main reasons for this:
- Psychological stress, lack of sleep, conflicts in the family;
- Poor maternal nutrition;
- Scheduled feeding, rare attachment to the breast;
- The lack of desire to mom to breastfeed;
- If a caesarean section was made (but this does not always cause a lack or lack of milk!);
- Early introduction of the first complementary foods to the diet of the crumbs, etc.
To increase lactation, you need to be attentive to your physiological and psychological state, in particular, to ensure that:
- in the daily menu was cottage cheese (about 150 g), milk / kefir / ryazhenka(about 200 ml), hard cheese (about 30-50 g), fish / poultry (about 200 g);
- tune in to the positive, to feed;
- Do not allow yourself to be nervous.
Will help enhance lactation also:
- special preparations;
- drinks: milk with walnuts, dill seed infusion, fresh carrot juice, caraway tincture (consult your doctor before taking it);
- chest massage (with fingertips, lightly but confidently massage the chest in a circular motion clockwise);
- a contrast shower in the morning and in the evening (arrange a light massage for the chest with a shower, plus direct a stream of water from the back to the shoulder blades);
- a cup of milk or tea that activates lactation before drinking
Sometimes there may be a decrease in the quality of breast milk - the baby just starts to refuse it or drinks extremely reluctantly.The causes of this phenomenon are the same as in reducing the amount of milk: stress, poor diet, overwork.
And also excessive physical loads contribute significantly to this. This means that the first few months need to abandon attempts to restore the figure with shock doses of sports training. At the same time, it is necessary to abandon heavy domestic work or, for example, help in a country house or a vegetable garden. Remember that after the birth of a child, your main concern was to take care of him, and everything else should go into the background. The child will grow up a little, and after six months or a year you will be able to pay more attention to yourself and other matters.
- Ask midwives immediately after childbirth (right on the table) to attach the baby to the breast - this is a powerful psychological factor that positively affects the contact between the mother and the child, contributes to normal lactation.
- If you do not feed the baby in the first days after birth, be sure to express fluid so that the inflammatory process does not develop - mastitis.
- In the first three months of feeding, as well as on the 7th and 8th months, “milk crises” may appear - there may be a little less milk.However, it is very important not to start feeding the child with mixtures, but simply to apply more often to the breast. The crisis will pass, and you will be able to feed again as before.
- Do not feed your expressed breast milk from a bottle if cracks appear on the nipples. The baby then does not want to take the breast, which will cause a violation of the lactation process and the disappearance of milk. So continue to breastfeed using special creams and silicone linings.
- Before feeding, you need to decant the first watery milk so that the baby does not choke on it.
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