How to treat hepatitis B in 2017
Treatment of acute hepatitis B
Medications are usually not used to treat the acute form of the disease. At home, a number of activities are carried out to reduce the symptoms of pathology and prevent the spread of the virus. To do this, the patient needs to reduce physical activity and avoid heavy loads until full recovery.
Independent therapeutic measures include the use of large amounts of fluid. It is extremely necessary for the full implementation of detoxification therapy, elimination of toxins from the body, prevention of dehydration.
Patients with hepatitis B are prohibited from taking alcohol and smoking. Food should be adequate, sufficiently high-calorie and comply with therapeutic diets. It is not recommended to use drugs without a doctor's prescription, since most of them adversely affect the state of the liver, which can lead to an immediate deterioration of the disease.If during the self-treatment of hepatitis B at home, new, unusual symptoms appear, you should immediately stop it and consult a doctor.
Drug treatment of acute hepatitis B is started if the patient’s antigen is detected in the patient’s blood after twelve weeks from the start of home treatment and an increased level of enzymes produced by the liver, as well as when DNA of the hepatitis B virus is detected.
Treatment of chronic hepatitis B
Treatment of chronic hepatitis B is the regular monitoring of the patient's health and the use of antiviral drugs that can prevent liver damage. If the disease is detected at the stage of significant organ damage, then proceed to surgical treatment - liver transplantation.
Detoxification therapy is the basis of the traditional treatment of chronic hepatitis B and consists of the accelerated elimination of toxins from the patient’s body, the replacement of the lost fluid with diarrhea and vomiting by the intravenous administration of certain medicinal solutions. These include 0.9% sodium chloride solution, 5% glucose solution, Ringer's solution.
With the same purpose prescribed drugs that reduce the absorption function of the intestine.Absorption into the blood of a large number of toxins formed in the intestine is extremely dangerous for the patient's body, since his liver at this time is not working too efficiently. Activated carbon cleans the intestines well, not allowing harmful substances to be absorbed into the blood.
Antiviral therapy - etiotropic treatment. There are two main groups of modern antiviral drugs: alpha-interferons and nucleoside analogues. Patients prescribed alpha interferon at a dose of 5 million units daily for 6 months. Also, patients are prescribed preparations containing synthetic analogs of nucleosides - nucleic acid enzymes. These drugs are Lamivudin, Adefovir and Tenofovir. Lamivudin is prescribed in a dose of 100 g / day. Other antiviral drugs are used quite rarely, because they have limited effectiveness and high cost.
Symptomatic treatment is to reduce the itching that occurs in almost all people with hepatitis. To do this, use drugs without prescription - Benadryl or Chlorine-Trimenol. Vitamins of group B, ascorbic, folic and nicotinic acids will help improve the metabolic processes in the liver and strengthen the immune system.
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