Indian culture is unusual and mysterious. The process of cooking in India is a special, if not to say magical ritual. The same is the meal itself. Arriving in this country, you can drown in a variety of culinary masterpieces, which differ in castes, regions and tribes. Some Hindus have long been familiar with high cuisine, while others still eat practically the same as their ancestors ate hundreds of years ago.
Today we decided to open the door to the world of Indian cuisine and tell you about its main secrets.
A kaleidoscope of flavors
The food traditions of India were formed under the influence of two religions - Islam and Hinduism. But still fundamental changes occurred at a time when the country was under the leadership of Mongolia. It was from there that spicy pilaf, dried fruit and loaves of almond came to the Indian cuisine. And the dishes from the tandoor are meat and bread.
In the period of the formation of India, when its territory became actively settled by settlers, the local people also borrowed culinary traditions from the French (starting independentlybake bread) and the Portuguese (thanks to them, among the abundance of spices, paprika took pride of place).
What other features of Indian cuisine? Let's find out.
Spices. Without them, unthinkable cooking traditional dishes. And put them not only in the main dishes, but also in desserts and even drinks. The most popular spices are cardamom, coriander, cinnamon and turmeric.
Often dishes season curry, which consists of Indian saffron, giving a yellow color, cumin, cardamom, fennel, garlic, pepper, coriander. Cooks rarely use a single seasoning, creating complex unique combinations. Prerequisite is also the use of freshly ground spices.
Beverages. Indian tea is usually cooked with milk, but they rarely drink it, preferring masala tea - a drink with seasonings. Usually, cardamom, ginger, and black pepper are added to black tea. And besides a special taste, it also has a healing effect, quickly eliminating colds and other diseases.
Making coffee is also an unusual process. The grains are first carefully ground, fried and palm sugar is added to them. And then they are already brewing.
A favorite refreshing drink that can be purchased on street trays during the hot season is the nimbus-pani - water with the addition of ginger and lemon juice.
Affection for the region. As in any other country, local people in India often cook from the products that grow in their region. So, the north is a paradise for meat eaters. Locals breed sheep there, because lamb dishes are a common thing for the daily diet.
There is a special passion for meat and fish with herbs baked in tandoor. And as the bread offered cakes, similar to pita bread. For those who want something special, it is worth trying a chicken with orange sauce, certainly with a huge amount of spices.
South India is famous for its dishes, the obligatory ingredient in which is chili pepper. Preference in this part of the country is given to vegetables. Necessarily need to try idli - unusual pelmeni with a filling of marinades, and be surprised by the taste of raita - yoghurt, which is prepared with fresh cucumber and mint.
In the west you will be treated to seafood, here they are abundant. Dahi-maach is made of fish, seasoning it with yogurt and seasoning with ginger,and also make incredibly tasty shrimp and coconut dishes. And after a dense dinner or dinner, you will be offered a dessert of dates or bananas.
Exotic on your desk
Now we offer to join the Indian culture, and try to cook something unusual and very tasty in your kitchen.
Without them, Indian cuisine is impossible. Hospitable locals are very eager to please the guest, and always serve hot bread, only from the oven. Although they themselves also eat it only in this form. After the guest ate a cake, they carry another, and again with a heat with a heat. The fork is rarely used here, dishes are picked up with the same flat cakes, folding a piece in half and grabbing food with their fingers.
One of the most famous types of bread is puri, deep-fried. For him we need:
- wholemeal flour - 250 g;
- fine flour - 100 g;
- water - 150-170 ml;
- butter - 1 tbsp;
Mix flour and mole, and mash the butter with them. Gradually add water, knead the dough so that it becomes elastic. Heat the butter in a pan, divide the dough into small balls that need to be rolled. To ensure that the roll does not stick, Indians pour the dough with rice flour.The other is not suitable for the reason that it will burn in a frying pan.
When the oil is hot, puris are lowered into it one by one. Deep-fried tortillas for 1 minute on each side.
A large amount of oil and spices - the card of the local cuisine. Therefore, we offer you a simple recipe for balls of cheese and potatoes. Will be needed:
- paneer (compressed cottage cheese) - 250 g;
- mashed potatoes - 100 g;
- corn and wheat flour - 1 st.l.
- garam masala (spice combination) - 1 tsp;
- cream - 200 ml;
- water - 500 ml;
- sugar - ½ tsp
Cottage cheese should be mixed with puree and flour, mix well, and form small balls. Each roll in rice flour and fry for several minutes in hot oil.
After putting on a paper towel to remove excess fat.
Put masala in a frying pan, add water and let it boil a little. Add the rest of the ingredients for the sauce, and cook for 10 minutes. Put the balls in the sauce, turn off the heat and let the dish stand.
A cow in India is worshiped as a deity, and therefore no one eats its meat. But the chicken - in the esteem of gourmets. For cooking will need:
- chicken breast - 500 g;
- tomatoes - 5 pcs .;
- onion - 2 pieces;
- chilli peppers - 2 pcs .;
- mustard seeds - 2 tsp;
- dry curry - 2 tsp;
- ginger root - 10 g;
- turmeric - 1 tsp;
- water - 1 t;
- coconut milk - 1 tbsp.
Meat cut into small pieces and fry, leave to cool. Fry mustard seeds with curry, put grated ginger, finely chopped onion, stew for a few minutes. Add chopped chili, turmeric and tomatoes. A little more stew and pour water with coconut milk. After this sauce should be prepared for 10 minutes. After the time, lay out the chicken breasts and cook another 20 minutes.
Indian cuisine is special and unique. Having tried this firework of tastes at least once, and having enjoyed the scattering of flavors, you will never forget such dishes, and you may want to cook them in your kitchen.
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