Osteopathy: what is it?
We are used to conditionally divide medicine into traditional and nontraditional. Under traditional medicine refers to outpatient or inpatient treatment of the patient with the use of medicines and equipment. Non-traditional medicine, as a rule, preaches the rejection of drug treatment and offers alternative methods of treatment.
This article will discuss such an unconventional method of treatment as osteopathy. What it is and in what cases it is applied, read on.
How it works?
Osteopathy is a type of alternative medicine that has much in common with manual therapy, in which the movements of the hands of the doctor play an important part in improving the condition of the patient.
For the first time, osteopathy was talked about in the United States through the work of the surgeon Andrew Taylor Still, who laid the groundwork for this technique. According to these provisions, the human body is able to heal itself and adapt to external conditions if its mind, body and spirit are in harmony.Osteopathy rejects the use of medications. Due to the directed movements of the osteopath over the patient's body, the wrong arrangement of the bones is leveled, the self-regulation system is launched, a relaxing effect is achieved. It is also believed that it affects all body structures of the body, including internal organs and the brain.
Currently, only a positive effect of osteopathy in the treatment of lower back pain has been clinically proven. Some individual studies claim that osteopathy also helps with pains in the neck, back and limbs. However, no one denies that such a method of manual exposure generally has a beneficial effect on the human body, calming the nervous system and improving blood circulation.
Although there are many varieties of osteopathic treatment methods, depending on which organs or internal systems of the body are directed to influence them, from their total number 2 main types can be singled out:
- Visceral osteopathy,which is aimed at improving the state of the internal organs, respiratory system, genital organs, reducing blood pressure and preventing heart attacks, etc.
- Craniosacral osteopathy is based on the conviction that the bones of the skull perform the finest oscillatory movements, while driving the liquor in the human body. If the rhythm of such movements is lost, the person begins to develop various ailments and metabolism worsens. The task of the osteopathic doctor is to catch these movements and try to bring them to the original, measured rhythm. With the help of craniosacral osteopathy, various neurological diseases, the effects of traumatic brain injuries, improve performance and memory, etc. are treated.
The difference of osteopathy from manual therapy
Osteopathy is often compared with classical manual therapy. The fact is that the term “manual therapy” can be applied to any form of patient treatment by means of the influence of the movement of the doctor’s arms on the patient. While the technique of the method of classical manual therapy has certain techniques that distinguish it from other methods of treatment.
The main differences between these two methods of treatment:
- Osteopathy is used during the exacerbation of the disease; manual therapy - in the period of exacerbation is contraindicated.
- Osteopathy aims to eliminate the cause of the disease, while manual therapy fights symptoms and relieves pain, but does not eliminate the cause.
- Osteopathy gently affects the muscles and bones of the body, gradually bringing all its systems into balance, restores micromobility and normalizes the flow of blood, lymph and cerebrospinal fluid.
- During manual therapy, the doctor actively acts on the bones, spine and joints of the body, carrying out stretching, reposition, indentation, etc.
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