Pain in the anus in women: causes

Distinctive features of pain

Painful sensations in the anus can be sharp and sharp, or manifest themselves not too intensely, differing in dull and aching character. In the first case, the pain usually occurs unexpectedly and subsequently disappears just as quickly, and in the second, it causes discomfort for a long time and becomes chronic.

Women (as well as men) who experience pain in the anus experience unpleasant sensations while walking or sitting, which may indicate the characteristic features of a particular disease. This can also include a violation of bowel movements, disorders and other ailments, meaning the presence of problems in the intestine.

Anal fissures

The tissues of the lower intestine and anus are very thin and sensitive. Often they have cracks - small wounds that can bleed and cause discomfort to the patient. The main reasons for this phenomenon are as follows:

  • weakening (or excessive strengthening) of immunity;
  • frequent constipation;
  • mechanical damage caused by a medical instrument or other object.

Pain with anal fissures is often dull and aching in nature, aggravated during bowel movements. Sometimes it is supplemented with backache in the groin or sacral part of the back. Chronic cracks are dangerous because they often cause various infections to enter the body.

As the disease intensifies, a person has bleeding from the anus, fever and other unpleasant symptoms increase. For treatment, an integrated approach is applied, which includes taking antibiotics and passing special medical procedures.

Hemorrhoids

A disease such as hemorrhoids is another common cause of pain in the anus and occurs against the background of a seal of hemorrhoids in the anus. This is caused by congestion in the veins. People who lead a sedentary and inactive lifestyle, as well as suffering from frequent constipation, are prone to the disease.

Signs of hemorrhoids include burning, itching and other discomfort in the anus.In a sitting position, as well as during stool, acute, throbbing pain in the anus occurs, often accompanied by the release of blood. In the chronic stage, hemorrhoidal knots can be seen from the anus, which requires immediate surgical intervention.

Acute proctitis and paraproctitis

In case of inflammation of the intestinal mucosa, the patient is diagnosed with acute proctitis. The disease occurs against the background of hypothermia, intestinal lesions, bacterial infections, malnutrition (consuming large amounts of spicy and spicy foods, alcohol dependence) and the presence of chronic diseases such as hemorrhoids.

Patients with proctitis feel acute, shooting pain in the lower intestine. They also have a fever and a fever. In the absence of proper treatment, the disease affects the intestinal fiber, causing paraproctitis. In this case, the pain intensifies and is accompanied by the release of blood and pus from the anus. The treatment of proctitis and paraproctitis is operational.

To a separate group of causes of pain in the anus can be attributed benign neoplasms and malignant tumors that occur in different parts of the intestine.Painful sensations usually appear in the later stages of the disease, which requires an immediate visit to the proctologist and undergo a diagnostic procedure such as colonoscopy. In addition, discomfort often delivers helminths - parasites that live in the intestines.



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