Phalaenopsis Orchid - how to care at home
The topic of the article will be the care of Phalaenopsis orchid at home. Orchid flowers are extremely elegant, characterized by an unusual shape and an extensive color variety.
Beginning gardeners would be happy to grow phalaenopsis at home, but they are hampered by the prospect of complex care, so they prefer cacti and other unpretentious plants.
I have a good news. Among the orchids there are species that are not very capricious in terms of home care, and even a novice florist can cope with their content. Among them is the Phalaenopsis orchid, characterized by long flowering and beautiful flowers.
Breeders have deduced many types of phalaenopsis, which will be discussed later. All of them are unpretentious in care and are suitable for beginner gardeners. Some types of orchids have a pleasant aroma. On one peduncle concentrates up to 40 flowers with a diameter of 3-15 centimeters.The number and size of flowers depends on the branching and well-being of home orchids.
Blooming orchids have bright flowers, the range of shades of which is wide. On the petals there are patterns, dots and spots that serve as an additional decoration. Leaves are characterized by a variety in terms of width, length and decorations in the form of spots and strokes.
Secrets of home care
- Lighting and location. Phalaenopsis orchid is a light-loving plant. Pot with a plant, keep on the windowsill. The best is the north-west side. The orchid needs to be protected from sunlight, otherwise spots will appear on the leaves. In the summer, the window glass is slightly shaded, especially if the flower is on the south window sill. When choosing a location, keep in mind that drafts weaken phalaenopsis and cause pests and ailments.
- Temperature. Homemade orchid feels great indoors with an air temperature of 15-25 degrees. The plant tolerates even temperatures above the 30 degree mark, but this temperature will result in dropping flowers. To stimulate flowering in winter, hold the orchid for about two weeks in a room with a temperature of about 15 degrees.
- Air humidity. In order for a homemade orchid to grow and develop normally, keep the humidity in the room at 40 percent. In summer, keep the pot with a plant on a pallet filled with wet pebbles, otherwise Phalaenopsis will drop flowers. I do not advise you to constantly moisten the soil, if proper ventilation is not provided, excess moisture leads to decay of the root system.
- Watering. Orchid is recommended to be watered once a week, and in the summer, increase the number of waterings to two. Experienced growers prefer watering through the shower with soft water. There is another way. Pot with orchid lower in a container with soft water for fifteen minutes, so that the soil is soaked with moisture. Then put the pot on the tray. Excessive moisture will drain through. Water from the tray must be drained.
- Substrate. You can buy in the store or do it yourself. The main thing is to be capacious and lightweight. Three parts of high-quality peat combine with three parts of crushed fern roots, add two parts of the earth and one part of small pine bark and charcoal.
- Additional fertilizing. During the growing season, Phalaenopsis home orchid is fed with nitrogen fertilizers after watering twice a month.Fertilizers for feeding can be made independently. The main thing is to observe the ratio of potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen. For exact information on preparing a feed mix, look for thematic sites.
- Transfer. Phalaenopsis repot every 36 months. During this time, the soil loses its beneficial properties, becomes brittle and fragile, acquires a sour smell. Transplant after flowering. In order to remove the orchid from the old pot, it was easy and quick, immerse it in water for a few minutes, and then, taking it under the socket, carefully remove it. After cleaning and washing the root system and removing the rotten roots, plant the orchid in a new pot with a fresh substrate.
After reviewing the material, you are convinced that the Phalaenopsis orchid is unpretentious in its care. Under optimal conditions, she pleases with a wonderful bloom that decorates the apartment and fills with aroma.
Types of Phalaenopsis
Phalaenopsis is an unpretentious and popular orchid. The genus is represented by 70 species that grow in the tropical forests of Australia, the Philippines, Indonesia, New Guinea and have found use in home floriculture.
A peculiarity is the stem, which does not branch, but slowly grows in length, giving several sheets each year. As part of flowering, the plant gradually opens, and the flowers retain decorative qualities for several months. Phalaenopsis decorates the interior for a long time.
8 most popular types of phalaenopsis:
- Amabilis. In the wild, this species, which is used during crossing, is found in Australia and the Philippines. Orchids of medium size are fleshy, leathery, dark green elliptical leaves, the length and width of which are 50 and 12 cm, respectively. The inflorescence reaches 50 cm and consists of twenty flowers, with a diameter of up to ten centimeters. The flowers have a white color, yellow or purple lips, a pleasant aroma.
- Schiller. The species resembles Amabilis, but it differs with variegated leaves. From above they are silvery-gray, and from below they are reddish. Homeland - the Philippines. The highlight of the flowers is countless. There were cases when one flower stem contained about 180 flowers. A well-developed orchid blossoms several times, remaining blossoming for several months.
- Stewart. The orchid of Philippine origin in leaf shade and vegetative characteristics resembles the previous species, but differs in pattern on the sheets. It has a branching peduncle covered with medium white flowers with red spots. The lip is yellow with specks of a purple color. In residential conditions it blooms in spring and autumn.
- Luddemann. A small orchid of this species is characterized by light green leaves in the shape of an ellipse and blooms in winter. On small peduncles at the same time up to seven purple, pleasantly smelling flowers, with a diameter of 6 centimeters. The species has a white lip with yellow markings. The mature orchid blooms constantly and is easily propagated by “babies” that form on the peduncles. Ideal for a person for whom floriculture is a hobby.
- Giant. It is considered the largest, most spectacular and complex in the culture representative of the genus. But this does not prevent him from winning at exhibitions. Orchid owes its name to huge leaves, whose length reaches 60 cm. In addition to its decorative qualities, it is easy to cross and suitable for creating hybrids.An adult plant has several peduncles forming about a hundred fleshy flowers with a diameter of 5 cm. They have a sweet citrus aroma, yellow color and red-brown spots.
- Pink.The smallest species in the genus. It has dark green leaves up to 15 centimeters long. On the purple curved peduncle is based on up to fifteen small pink flowers that bloom in turn. It has a small, three-lobed lip, pink lateral lobes, looking forward, with a white base and a few purple lines. Medium ovoid lobes with brownish base and white tips. Bellow pink color with a long beak.
- Sander. Rare, expensive and beautiful view. It has green leaves with a colorful pattern. Drooping, long peduncles are the basis for placing rows of 50 flowers in size up to 6 centimeters. Flowers have a varied color.
- Horse. An orchid with green leaves came to us from Taiwan and the Philippines. It is characterized by a purple-violet peduncle, which is lengthened and covered with another batch of new flowers. Light pink color with a diameter of about three centimeters.
I looked at the main phalaenopsis orchid species found in culture. If you want to expand your home garden with new flowers, purchase one of these types.
According to many beginning flower growers, cultivation of orchids is the lot of masters. But this can also be done by amateurs, it is enough to collect more information about the pet. We are talking about the types of plants, the intricacies of care and methods of reproduction.
The topic of further discussion will be reproduction, since we have considered other points. Multiply homemade phalaenopsis orchid in three ways. I will describe them.
Method one - reproduction kids
This technique of reproduction is the simplest and most common. Apply it a month after flowering. The best time for the procedure is from February to June.
Babies appear on peduncles and at the base of the rosette. They wait until they let the root in, and only after that they transplant into a separate pot. This can be done in two ways.
- The first involves separating the babies, processing the slices with charcoal, drying for 24 hours and then planting them in the ground, where they will start up the roots.Greenhouse conditions are suitable for this purpose.
- In a transparent plastic container, put a piece of foam with a hole, deepen a young shoot into it, and then fill it with water and cover. After the appearance of the roots, Phalaenopsis transplant in the ground.
Method two - grafting
- Once the orchid has faded, with an alcohol-treated pruner, cut the peduncle at the base and divide it into several pieces. In the center of each cutting, there should be a sleeping kidney, and I advise you to process the cuts with coal powder.
- To sprout the cuttings, plant in a greenhouse in a moist sphagnum. The air temperature in the greenhouse is 25 degrees. In such conditions, the cuttings grow rapidly.
You can do differently. Cut the peduncle put in water with minerals and place in a bright place. The main thing is that the sun rays do not fall on the stalk. In such conditions, dormant buds will quickly wake up and release the children.
The third method is the division of the outlet
- Using a sterile instrument, be it a knife or pruner, cut off the tip from the orchid, along with a few leaves and air roots. Treat all the cuts with ashes, and plant a sprout in the pot.
- It should contain a mixture of fresh moss and pine bark. The bark must be dry, otherwise excessive moisture will cause mold. Initially, limit yourself to small dishes, and as the root system develops, take a more spacious one.
- From this moment, the new elite needs care. As for the mother plant, it will release the lateral buds, from which young shoots will appear.
Phalaenopsis reproduces as simply as dieffenbachia and any other ornamental plant. If you want to breed a whole family of orchids at home, the techniques described will help. If at first you make mistakes, everything will be perfect with experience.
Phalaenopsis breeding: problems, pests, diseases
Many flower growers engaged in the cultivation of domestic orchids, there are problems. At the same time the plant itself signals this. If the leaves droop, change color or become covered with spots, it means that you are incorrectly caring for phalaenopsis.
- Track the problems of orchids can be on the leaves. The first symptom of the suffering of a plant is a change in color. If they are pale or covered with bloom, there is an excess of light in the room.
- In conditions of insufficient lighting, a home-made orchid blooms poorly, the width of the leaves decreases and the luster disappears. If the color of the leaves has lost saturation, the plant is deficient in nutrition.
- Constant overmoistening along with drafts leads to the appearance of blackened tips of the leaves. As for withering foliage, it indicates that the orchid is thirsty or tortured by pests.
- If phalaenopsis is not properly cared for, it will be affected by pests: shieldweed, thrips, aphid, and mealybug. In this case, rinse the orchid with water, gently wipe with a cloth, treat with pesticides.
- As for diseases, their list is represented by rot and the appearance of brown spots. To solve the problem, cut and treat the affected areas with special chemistry. If the plant is severely damaged, throw it away. During these operations, use a tool that has been treated with alcohol or burned with fire.
I hope the story will not alert you. Phalaenopsis home orchid lives in any city apartment more successfully than many other indoor flowers, including croton. It is easy to grow and undemanding to care.If the soul is eager for true beauty, make sure that a phalaenopsis appears in your home flower gallery.
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