Quilting and patchwork
Quilting is an American patchwork technique. The kind of needlework that patchwork implies has many names. It came to us from foreign countries. In translation, it is a quilted fabric. Quilting involves the creation of quilted multi-layered bedspreads, pillowcases, paintings, clothes, handbags, various decorations, etc. Now, such art is known all over the world, but the Americans claim that they became the founders of this type of crafts.
The two terms patchwork and quilting mean the same thing - it is patchwork. Patchwork implies the technology itself. This term appeared for the first time among Americans, despite the fact that this work was known before among many nations. There are still disputes over who became the founder of quilting.
Americans believe that they are the pioneers of quilting. But it is also known that previously quilted multi-layered clothing appeared in Japan and China.A similar technology existed in the 15th century. in Italy, but it had a different name - “trap-point”. And in the 16th century, very colorful Indian fabrics appeared in England - the predecessors of patchwork.
England developed and the sale of imported high-quality fabrics was established. But, it was soon banned. After that, prices rose dramatically and people began to appreciate every piece of fabric.
This period and became famous for the beginning of the settlement of the continent in America by Europeans. Along with immigrants in the new lands appeared and patchwork. This period is considered the approximate date of formation of quilting.
Many Americans claim that it is their folk art, therefore, they believe that both concepts belong to them. Many women then engaged in sewing. Such needlework has become a traditional occupation. Ladies began to gather in groups, talked and engaged in joint needlework, this work united them. Many crafts were made in order to make a gift.
For example, some men over the age of 25 could get a handicraft, called the Quilt of Freedom.Usually, this work was done by the mother. At first, it was just a fabric, after which, people showed imagination and made crafts more beautiful by adding different applications, other shades or stitches.
Technique for quilting
Normally, a monophonic canvas is selected for work, but in rare cases, color, with the addition of any applications. Its main difference is that it consists of several layers. These include two fabric canvases. One is made from the front, the second from the back.
There may be a padding pad between them. Thus, the product turns out volumetric. And if an additional stitch is put through the intermediate layer, it will also turn out wavy.
With a responsibility approach to the creation of the front side, it can be made, both from a monophonic canvas, and their shred of multi-colored fabric. The seamy side is chosen not so carefully, therefore, most often, it is monotonous. But, if you wish, you can also create it yourself from different color scraps.
When a stitch is made from the inside, a remarkable convex pattern is formed, forming a beautiful pattern.By the way, the stitch itself can be made in two versions, either manually or on a typewriter.
If you want to create a special drawing, you must first perform it on a simple fabric, then just repeat the same on the finished product. If you skip this step, you can ruin all the work and have to start creating a masterpiece again.
Many women believe that creating a correct stitch is too difficult, so they only do it on the sides, connecting two patchwork cloths. Also, when creating a certain pattern, you can sew it to a simple fabric, after which it is worth attaching to the whole work and repeating the stitch along the contour of the previous seams.
This type of needlework resembles a traditional patchwork in structure. To create it, it is necessary to use a monochrome fabric on the surface of which a patchwork cloth is applied. It will be required and such material for a seamy side. A layer of padding polyester is laid between them.
The picture is made arbitrarily, depending on the desires of the author.It is applied to the front side of the quilt. If necessary, you can make a preliminary markup using a pencil or marker. The drawing is carried out only in a thin line, so that later the contours are not visible. Sometimes, the same procedure is carried out according to a pattern. A stitch is another difference between quilting and regular patchwork. How to do it right?
- If you need to pre-mark, then it’s better to use pins, otherwise the threads from the preliminary estimate will make further processing difficult.
- You need to take as much material as you can fit under the foot area, after which you need to fasten the canvas with clamps and clubs.
- You shouldn’t allow the possibility of overhanging the remaining fabric on your knees, if possible, you need to take a special place for this purpose.
- Before you make the first seam, you should determine the center of the web, from which you should start work, gradually moving to the edges.
- Those places where there are a large number of stitches are processed at the very last.
- The fabric should be clearly located in the area of the typewriter, not hanging down, so that the stitches are not tightened.
- To get the job done, you need to complete it with a short stitch back.
- The remaining thread area must be carefully hidden under the stitch.
You need to know about all the main types of seams, which include straight stitch, on the contour, curvilinear, technology seam in the seam, dashed line, loose stitch and contour.
This type of work can only be done with special equipment. In this case, it is a sewing machine. It is necessary to lay out the fabric freely, gently holding on the edges and make the first seam, with the movement of the foot. First of all, it is necessary to flash it in one place, as if fixing the beginning of work, after which you can continue to perform work relative to the drawing.
It is necessary to determine the place where the seams are located and seven millimeters away from them. After this treatment, the contour of the pattern will become pronounced. Many experienced women believe that it is better to create a kennel with a ribbon.
Seam to seam
This technology is quite simple. More stitches are put on the existing seams. It may be done manually.
A stitch is being made to fill in the details of the patchwork fabric. It is created in the form of square geometric shapes. In the end, should get a lattice containing the same form.
It is a series of repetition lines that are needed for general background filling. With the help of this stitches are created various beautiful patterns.
This is a convenient way to seam for the most complex patterns.
With this stitch you can create the most complex shapes on the fabric.
It can be done in different directions and strokes of various sizes. Depending on the distance from each other, a different shape is also obtained.
From the side it may seem that this work is easy to do, but in fact, it requires a lot of effort. But, over time, the skills become more and more, people begin to conquer new peaks. Gradually, you will learn how to create unique products in the technique of quilting.
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