The most common skin diseases in cats
Skin diseases, which are called dermatitis, are found in almost all members of the genus. The causes of the disease can be many - from infections to violations of the internal organs. If you notice that the animal has become restless, itches often, it eats badly, its appearance (wool quality) deteriorates, take the basket as soon as possible and bring it to the vet.
What is the cause of the home pet?
The source of skin changes can be an allergic reaction. It is not necessary to be surprised, but at cats there is an intolerance of products. However, immediately the reaction can not be seen - an irritating element accumulates in the body, and in case of an excess, the skin rash makes itself felt. Just the same itch, redness can cause insect bites.
Another form that affects the epidermis can be bacterial and fungal infections. Infection in both cases can pass through:
- contact with sick animals, rodents;
- bite of insects and parasites;
- ingested through food, soil;
- infected pet "personal belongings".
The last main reason worth paying attention to is hormonal disorders in the body, stress. In this case, it is not only the skin that suffers, but also the fur’s pride. Of course, this is less common, but certainly a reason to visit the veterinarian.
Classification of skin diseases, their causes, symptoms and treatment
We will deal with each ailment in more detail.
A common disease in pets is an allergy. There may be several reasons for its manifestation: unhealthy diet, use of cosmetics, contact with household chemicals, plants (animals also have a sensitivity to pollen). Such diseases include atopic dermatitis.
Symptoms of this ailment will be sour, itching, scratching. Diagnosis of this type of allergy is very problematic, detected by the exclusion of other types. Unfortunately, the disease is not treated, and the owner can only maintain the general condition. Antihistamines are used to relieve itching. Ointments, creams, and lotions are used for local therapy.
An allergic reaction may occur in a pet for food, vitamins, etc.This happens quite rarely, it is difficult to diagnose. Symptoms are the same as for atopic dermatitis. Treatment is the detection and complete elimination of the allergen, a change in diet.
Another type of allergy may be the body's response to insect bites and parasites. Such diseases include flea dermatitis, which is characterized by local irritations, itching, redness.
For treatment and prevention it is recommended to use drops against parasites regularly. Healetiosis, caused by skin tick bites, is more severe in cats. Symptoms will be severe itching, redness, the appearance of peeling and dark unpleasant odor. In such cases, do not refuse to visit a doctor who will advise the necessary medication.
At best, bites do not carry danger, but it happens that the insect was a carrier of the infection and for the animal this contact can bring significant harm.
In a separate group is to highlight infectious diseases. They can be caused by bacteria and fungi.
Ringworm is a common ailment among domestic cats.The causative agent of this infection is a fungus. The main symptoms are: loss of hair deterioration of her condition, skin itching, exfoliation of the skin. If the disease does not begin to be treated on time, the animal becomes inactive, refuses to eat, may die. Antifungal drugs, lime sour baths, special hygiene products are used as therapy.
In cats, acne (folliculitis) can occur - small purulent subcutaneous formations that are localized around the hair. The causative agent is staphylococcus bacteria. For treatment, it is necessary to shave off wool, lubricate pustules with iodine. If the abscess has already opened, then it is worth treating the wound with any disinfectant.
Demodecosis is an infectious disease caused by a demodex mite, or rather the products of its vital activity - by bacteria. It is worth noting that such a parasite lives in almost all members of the genus, and in an animal with a weakened immune system, the risk of developing the disease increases.
Symptoms of the sore will be: severe itching, redness, formation of ulcers (at later stages bleeding wounds appear, peeling of the skin).What to do in this situation? The best solution will be an immediate appeal to the veterinarian, since the disease depresses the immune system, negatively affects the condition of the body.
Treatment is provided depending on the stage of infection - it can be a special shampoo, tar soap, special ointments. When complications and to prevent re-infection prescribe antibiotics.
Acne is a skin disease characterized by the formation of acne. They appear on the chin and contour of the kitty's lips. In this area the hairs are thinner, less dense, and the accumulated dirt with dermal fat animal can not be removed carefully. Often, acne is a consequence of excessive sebum secretion, violations of the internal organs, malnutrition, poor hygiene. Treatment should be comprehensive, namely:
- introduction of a balanced diet;
- selection of the correct feeding bowl;
- the use of special care products for cats;
- treatment of existing acne with chlorhydroxidine solution.
If there is an advanced stage, the therapy should include antifungal agents, if necessary, antibiotics.
Pyoderma - purulent inflammation caused by staphylococcus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, is a solid red boils. A characteristic symptom of this disease is an unpleasant smell emanating from an animal. In the treatment of antifungal ointments, disinfectants, immunity-supporting nutrition and procedures are used.
Quite often there are skin diseases, provoked by hormonal failures and disorders of the internal organs. These include: eczema, seborrhea, and baldness.
Eczema is a chronic inflammatory skin disease. There are many types of eczema, each with its own specific course of the disease, symptoms, treatment. The reasons are also very diverse - this is both external influence and internal problems. External include poor care, skin contamination, collar rubbing; to the internal: diseases of the digestive, nervous, endocrine system, gastrointestinal tract, unhealthy diet, chronic diseases, etc.
Eczema is quite difficult: pustules, ulcers, redness, weeping skin surface.Foci of the disease in different species can be located on the ears, on the withers, neck, under the ears, on the cheeks, at the base of the tail.
Treatment must be administered only by a doctor. Sedatives are used: bromine, chlorohydrate, calcium chloride solution, novocaine. You can use folk remedies: kidney tea, juniper fruit, diuretic collection. Apply antiseptics to disinfect open wounds.
Seborrhea is a disease caused by too active work of the sebaceous glands. It is dry and wet. When dry seborrhea on the cat's fur appears dandruff, with wet fur stuck together, there are pustules, which in the future can lead to complications. Treatment: careful treatment of the affected areas with special solutions. If necessary, the wool is shaved and smeared with alcohol and green paint.
Alopecia, as a form of skin disease, can be caused by a violation of the internal organs, transferred stress, external stimuli. Treatment involves the introduction of a balanced diet, the exclusion of irritant.
This article is not an instruction for self-treatment, but only a fact sheet.Half of the girls in childhood dreamed of becoming hairdressers, the other (from the great love of home, and not only pets) - veterinarians. Therefore, difficulties in finding a doctor will not. If you find any changes in the cat, do not waste time and do not make your pet suffer.
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