Today we will perform a very simple and incredibly useful exercise in color science. All professional artists more than once went through this, and I think no one regretted it. In an art school such an exercise is performed in the first year of schooling in the first quarter of the academic year, in the art workshops, hours of classes devoted to this topic are among the most loved. Because at the end of the lesson, beautiful works are always and always produced by everyone, regardless of the age of the students. The purpose of the lesson: to make sure by own experience that having only three cans of paint on hand you can get dozens of new shades. Even without being a professional artist, you can create beautiful, harmonious things not only as drawings. Any creativity in which color is used, be it embroidery, knitting, beadwork, scrapbooking, making jewelry from polymer plastic or something else,only wins if the master is interested in color engineering. To begin with, we recall the three primary colors. It is believed that there are three primary colors: red, yellow and blue. And all other colors are obtained by mixing the three main, resulting in a color spectrum. All colors of the spectrum are called chromatic. This word comes from the Greek "chromos", which means color. There are still achromatic (colorless) colors, it's black, white and gray.
Today we will use black and white to change one of the three primary colors - red . The resulting new shades will be useful for creating beautiful pictures. For the exercise, you will need artistic gouache of red, black and white colors, a plastic palette, a sheet of A3 or A4 thick paper, a simple pencil, a ruler. First we draw a table. The width is about 5 divisions, the height is also 5 - depending on how many shades you want to get.
Paint the lower right rectangle with black gouache,the bottom left is red gouache.
Now we are making a gradual transition from red to black. Put the red gouache on the palette, mix a little black gouache into it, get a new shade, add it to the table, then even more black, add again and add black again, then add to the table. The bottom row is ready. This is red, black and between them are three new shades of red.
The next stage. To each color from the bottom row you need to gradually add white gouache to get the second row of shades. Then add more white, get the next, even lighter row. We continue to the top of the table. The meaning of this exercise is that by stretching the red color towards black and white, we get new variations of red. The achromatic colors white and black make the red color muted, at the same time complicating it: the white color makes red more tender, pastel, and black makes it heavier.Here’s what a finished exercise performed by a student in the 1st grade of art school looks like.
Once you have felt your power, otherwise this feeling is not You can call it a joke, have only three cans of paint in your arsenal and create such a palette of new colors! Now you can proceed to the next, more creative stage. Now we will make a sketch of the decorative plate painting. We will use the same combination of colors. An example for us again will serve as a student of an art school. Draw a circle on the sheet with a compass. You can circle something around the contour. Draw an ornament in a circle. Next draw charts for the color scale.
Upper left sign, consisting of three divisions, is needed for red, black and white colors. The label on the right will be filled with their derived shades.
We color our ornament, using only those colors in our work,who have outlined.
If exercises are done slowly, neatly, they can become an independent wall decoration with appropriate design, of course. Thanks to this you will be able to create a creative studio atmosphere in your home.
Applying skills today, you can perform more complex work, for example, still life with oil paints. Here, too, only three well-known colors - white, red and black - were used for the work.