Pasony is the removal of excess lateral shoots. It is necessary if your goal - the harvest, rather than thick green bushes. Paceniks grow from the axils of the leaves (between the stem and the leaf). First there is one escape, then on it a few more. As a result, the bush begins to branch, and all the forces go on building up green mass. Pasynki need not pull out and break out. At the same time, it is necessary to leave a stump of 1–2 cm; it will inhibit the emergence of a new escape. Ideally, no more than 2-3 stems should remain on the bush.
A very important measure. It is unacceptable as the drying of the soil, and excess moisture. Drought leads to cracking and dropping fruits. And the wet soil makes the fruits watery, leading to fungal diseases.
To the leaves and fruits do not rot, try to water the vegetables at the root. Water should be warm (not below +20 degrees). When summer watering is very important to adhere to the rule: watering, water is absorbed and then loosen the ground.
The health of tomatoes, you can always determine the state of the leaves. If they are light and small, the vegetables lack nitrogen. Feed the tomatoes with saltpeter (2 tablespoons per bucket of water). A sign of lack of fluoride: the leaves are looking up or pressed against the trunk. Sprinkle under each bush 1 tbsp. spoon superphosphate, after loosen the soil. If the leaves curl up into a straw, there is little potassium. Sprinkle ½ cups of ash under each plant after watering or feed with any potash fertilizer (1 tbsp spoonful per bucket of water).
Tip 2: How to achieve a rich harvest, work on the bugs
Instead of nitrogen fertilizers, grow legumes at the site of future planting of beets: they perfectly enrich the soil with nitrogen. In addition, the next to the beans and peas never start a wire.
If the beet harvest has gone to color, it is not too late to sow the seeds again: this can be done until mid-July. Choose only early ripening varieties.
Before sowing zucchini next season, be sure to carry out pre-sowing seed treatment: warm them a week in the sun or in the oven at 50 degrees for 5 hours. You can soak the seeds in warm water and germinate in a damp cloth. You can increase the yield by soaking the seeds in the solution with boric acid (20 mg per 1 liter of water).
The most common error of the sensors is the introduction of fresh manure under the tomatoes. Plants, of course, like it: they become plump, with thick leaves of rich green color. But the ovaries are not in a hurry to form, as a result, the ripening of the fruit is significantly delayed, and over the summer such a bush brings a much smaller crop.
Strong seedlings - the key to a good harvest. Plant cucumber seeds in individual peat pots, to which you add land as the sprout develops. Plant the seedlings in the ground right along with the pots - so the gentle root system of cucumbers will avoid damage.
Pumpkin grows better on a hill, for example, on a heap of last year’s grass. From the autumn, leave uncured grass on the plot, add to it fallen leaves, sawdust - so that an elevation of about 60–70 cm in height and 1.5–2 m in diameter is obtained.In the spring, before planting, add a pile of humus to the pile, pour all the hot water, plant the seeds and cover them with a film. The first feeding - in a week, the second - in a month.
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