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In order for the bush of the pepper to have well developed lateral shoots, its top is removed when the plant reaches a height of 22-26 cm. After the top of the plant is removed, the bush begins to branch. This happens as follows: a new branch emerges from the sinus of each leaf. Sometimes their number can reach 10-15 pieces, depending on how much leaves are left at the time of pinching the top. Of all the new shoots that have appeared, 4-6 of the topmost ones should be left, and the rest should be removed and removed again if they begin to grow anew. In the future, before the harvest itself, you should carefully monitor the appearance of the shoots below and timely remove them. 4-6 new shoots left on the top, in turn, pinch as soon as they reach a length of 10-15 cm.
The optimal number of shoots of pepper is formed on the branches of the third order. These branches no longer pinch, but wait for the beginning of flowering and the formation of ovaries.On each bush of pepper, depending on its size, 10 to 15 fruits are left, the rest are plucked out at the flowering stage so that the plant does not spend too much energy. If you leave all the fruits that will be formed, the harvest will be small, and from cramping the possibility of various diseases, including rot, is very great. In order to best pass the pollination of pepper and fruit begin, the pepper bushes are shaken well in dry sunny weather, as is usually done with tomatoes and eggplants. Pepper belongs to the light-loving plants, and if it grows poorly, it does not branch out enough or flowers poorly, and the fruits come out small, it is possible that the plant does not have enough light. When choosing a place to accommodate pepper bushes, this need should be taken into account.
In the event that the pepper is grown not in the open air, but at home, on the balcony or in the greenhouse, you should carefully monitor the humidity and temperature. If the temperature is very high, about 30 ° C and higher, and there is not enough moisture in the soil, pepper, like tomatoes and eggplants, lignifies fruits and cracks them. If at such an elevated temperature and humidity is high, the risk of infecting plants and fruits with various types of rot is very high.Most often, the rot affects the fruits and leaves, after which the pepper is no longer suitable for food. That is why in greenhouses it is especially necessary to carefully monitor the density of the branches of each bush and the number of fruits on it. Without the formation of a bush, the harvest will be poor, but in this matter you need to know the measure.
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