Instruction
Peppers are a heat-loving vegetable, in the Russian climate it is grown by seedling. For high-quality seedlings in the fall prepare ground from turf land, peat, rotted manure with straw in the ratio of 2: 1: 1. Keep it in a cold room so that it is frozen: frost will kill the pest larvae. In the spring, land, warm up, add mineral fertilizer and wood ash to it, and you can sow the seeds.
Pepper develops slowly, it does not tolerate transplants poorly, the root system is recovering for a long time, therefore, to obtain an early and abundant crop, it is better to sow right away in separate pots. To do this, you can use special mini-greenhouses, as well as plastic disposable cups, tetrapack-bags from under juices, and containers from dairy products. Prepare the seeds by soaking them in Epin's solution or aloe juice: it promotes friendly shoots and good development of seedlings. Place the seeds to a depth of 1 cm, several seeds in one cup.pour water well, close the pots with foil and put in a warm place.
But even growing peppers in an individual container, a pick cannot be avoided, because it may happen that all the seeds in one pot have sprouted, and not one in the other. Dive shoots at the age of 12−18 days, in stage 2−3 of these leaves. But if the planting is thickened, then transplant them early, do not wait for them to stretch. Place them by transfer. Pots with seedlings well water, carefully take the plant with a clod of earth, place it in the prepared substrate, pour it, sprinkle it on top with dry earth and lightly tamp.
Close growing shoots with intertwined roots remove from the glass using the tool at hand and divide. In the prepared container, make a depression, lower the plant there, press the roots well to the ground, sprinkle them with soil. If shoots appeared in unison, there is no need for transplantation, you can do the following: just pinch weak plants, leaving the roots in the ground.
Seedlings during transplantation cannot be buried, for better rooting they must be watered with a root formation stimulator - Kornevin or a natural mixture is prepared for root formation.To do this, take 1-2 2-year-old willow twigs, cut them into small pieces, put in a saucepan and cover with cold water. Boil them over low heat for 30 minutes, then infuse for 8–10 hours. Strain the solution, store it at a positive temperature of not more than one month.
Is it necessary for peppers to tear off the lower leaves
Related article
Is it necessary for peppers to tear off the lower leaves
Sources:
  • Garden and vegetable garden in 2018

Tip 2: Pick a seedling

The eternal question among professionals and gardeners-amateurs is the pick of a seedling. Is it worth diving young sprouts, if this leads to the stress of the plant itself? Or give the opportunity to grow voluntarily, without interfering with life processes? How does this procedure or its absence affect the future harvest?
Picking seedlings
Instruction
Pick picking is called transplanting small seedlings into more spacious single pots. This is not a transshipment with an earthy lump from one pot to another, namely the procedure when the sprout is gently pulled out of the total mass of seedlings and planted separately. Often, when picking, they pinch the tip of the main root. It makes him grow in breadth.
Diving seedlings is quite a stressful procedure, because at the same time we intervene in the life cycles of growth and development.Therefore, many people think about whether this procedure is necessary. After all, it slows down the growth of plants for a week, sometimes even kills them.
The purpose of the picking is to select strong plants that will grow to fruiting. Weak sprouts ruthlessly discarded or distributed familiar. Therefore, gardeners are advised to plant more seeds so that there is plenty to choose from. If the seeds are rare and in small quantities, then it is better to plant them immediately separately, in order to do without a pick.
Almost all cultures dive. But there are plants that tolerate this procedure hard or die at all. These include zucchini, cucumbers, pumpkin, eggplant. They are most often planted immediately in a greenhouse - in warm areas. And in the colder - seedlings, but 3-4 weeks before the removal to a permanent place. They are sown immediately in regular cups or peat pots, so that when they are planted on the street, they save an earthy ball.
After proper picking, the seedling grows stronger, the root system forks and, thus, a strong bush grows. This applies, for example, to tomatoes. They always dive, often before the first true leaves. The earlier the procedure of picking is carried out, the less painful it will be for the seedling.But it is usually advised to do this after the appearance of the first true leaves.
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Helpful advice
When diving, the seedling is sunk to the cotyledon leaves in order to achieve the appearance of adventitious roots. Only pepper is not deepened - it does not give additional roots.
Especially in need of diving plants that have surface roots.

Tip 3: Do I need peppers pick

Pepper picking is not an easy procedure for the plants themselves. And we must try to do everything possible to make this operation less painful for plants.
Do peppers need a pick

The best option is to grow the seedlings in separate pots. But not everyone has this opportunity. After all, the majority of gardeners grow all their many-sided seedlings on window sills, where there are few places. And to build a "hill" with additional lighting in a small apartment, many can not afford. And as is customary, peppers are grown in one bowl, and then they are engaged in picking.



When do you need to dive peppers?


Sown seeds of peppers in February by mid-March yield 4 ... 5 leaves and begin to compete for the place of residence. The best time to do the picking is March.




But if the peppers are sown in very small bowls, the seedlings begin to stretch strongly, and, as a rule, when the first true leaves appear, they suddenly slow down their growth, which means that they should start diving immediately. If you ignore this moment, the peppers will “freeze” the development and stop growing. Quality seedlings at the time of landing in the ground does not grow.


To water or not water the pepper seedlings before diving?


Some believe that a day or two before the pick, the peppers should not be watered. Others say that a small pre-irrigation helps to preserve the root coma. Both can be applied. The main thing - to preserve and not disturb the roots. Peppers, unlike tomatoes, hard to restore root damage.


Do I need to pinch the main root when picking or transplanting?


Most often recommended pinching the main root of the seedlings.



However, if the roots are strongly intertwined, then it is better not to agitate the roots and plant each pepper in a separate pot, bypassing this manipulation.


Unlike tomatoes, pepper seedlings can not be deeply deepened. The stem of the peppers does not form additional roots.


How to water the dive peppers?


After transplantation, each plant must be watered.For irrigation use water, separated and room temperature. For better survival, 4 ... 5 drops of zircon per 1.5 liter bottle are added to the irrigation water. Spray the seedlings with this solution and create additional moisture for the plants if the room is too hot. Other rooting preparations will also be suitable (root, humate, etc.).


After transplantation, the peppers are put in a warm place, without drafts. It can be a window sill, a table. In the first days after transplantation, seedlings are lightly shaved from direct sunlight.



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