Ut-1 training aircraft paper model
The paper model of the Ut-1 training aircraftis a Soviet training aircraft created by the Yakovlev Design Bureau. It was used to train pilots of high qualification in peacetime. During the war, about 50 aircraft were armed with 1-2 machine guns and pendants for 2-4 small bombs or rockets RS-82. This assault option was called UT-1b, was used in the south of the Soviet-German front.
Materials and tools:
- scissors, paper knife, drawing ruler
- glue brushes and paint;
- watercolors (or pencils), toothpicks;
- clear acrylic glue ("Moment", etc.);
- to print the model matte photo paper with a density of 170-180 g / m2; for small parts - 70-80 g / m2.
- Before you assemble the part, read the drawings and instructions. Determine the place of each part and imagine its assembly;
- Make holes in details before cutting out the part;
- Cut only the part (s) you need right now. Unpacked items in a box, and unused sheets in a closed folder (as an option). Throwing out trash after work, carefully inspect the scrap paper;
- To better fold the part, it is necessary to hold the ruler along the fold line, pressing lightly with the blunt side of the knife or a toothpick so as not to damage the paper surface. Better to do it from the wrong side of the part;
- Keep your fingers clean and be sure to use wipes to wipe your hands, because hands may get dirty in the process;
- wind up cylindrical parts before gluing onto a round object of a suitable diameter, this will give them shape;
- Before gluing it is necessary to paint the ends of the part. White crop lines spoil the overall look of the model. To paint the ends, use watercolors or gouache paints. After selecting the desired color, apply them in a thin layer, then allow the paint to dry. About markers better to forget;
- Take your time with gluing. First, cut out the part, paint it from the end, wait for the paint to dry, assemble the part.Attach it to the place where it should be to make sure everything is done correctly. And only then stick. Do not forget to let the glue dry.
A bit of history
Ut-1 training aircraft
UT-1 (AIR-14) - small in size (wing area of only 8.3 m2) training single-man pilot low-wing with open cabin. The plane was created as a transitional two-speed training monoplane and as a training for fighter pilots. The plane passed state tests in 1936 with an M-11 engine of 100 hp. The report of the Air Force Research Institute noted the excellent maneuverability of the aircraft, good performance of the figures and ease of maintenance. The aircraft remained strict in piloting, which brought it closer to the characteristics of the I-16.
The serial construction of Ut-1 began in the autumn of 1936 in two plants, of which one had not produced any aircraft before. For this reason, at first there were certain difficulties, and, most importantly, it was not immediately possible to weld fuselages and engines, interfering with deformation during welding. Little by little, workers and engineers found their welding techniques (sometimes without the help of a pilot plant), and everything began to turn out. For the years 1937-1940 1241 aircraft was released.On the UT-1 aircraft, eight international records of speed, range and altitude were set. In 1939, the UT-1 was extended by 260 mm of the engine mount, the centering of the aircraft became more forward, thanks to which the longitudinal stability was greatly improved and the piloting technique was simplified. At the same time, the propeller group was adapted for an inverted flight. The exceptionally high aerobatic acrobatic qualities of the UT-1 remained unsurpassed until the 1950s and were highly appreciated by pilots - masters of aerobatics.
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