What is a meniscus?
The meniscus is a cartilaginous joint of the knee joint, in which it acts as a shock absorber. There are only two menisci in it - lateral and medial. Between themselves, they are connected by a transverse bundle. When moving, menisci change their shape, but are not damaged. If damaged, the meniscus can tear, cause severe pain and block the joint.
Causes of meniscus damage
Having learned what a meniscus is, it is important to have an idea about the reasons for which it can be damaged:
- a sharp blow to the knee with a heavy object;
- sharp rotation of the lower leg;
- drop on the patella;
- a sharp extension of the joint from a bent position.
Repeated trauma to the meniscus results in meniscopathy, a chronic disease that most often leads to the complete rupture of cartilage pads.
Symptoms of meniscus injury
If a person has a damaged meniscus, then he may notice some of these symptoms:
- sharp pain in the area of the outer or inner surface of the knee;
- clicks are heard during flexion of the joint;
- when climbing and descending the stairs, difficulties and pain arise;
- joint increases in volume;
- increase in body temperature.
Therapy for meniscus injury may include conservative or surgical treatment. It all depends on the severity of the patient. What kind of treatment to use, the doctor decides after the diagnosis, which provides for an ultrasound and x-rays. But first there is first aid to the patient. It provides for the imposition of a cold compress on the area of the knee joint and its fixation with an elastic bandage.
If there was a shift of the meniscus, then conservative treatment is carried out. It involves the imposition of gypsum. You need to walk with him for about 2-3 weeks. After prescribed physiotherapy. Be sure to take non-steroid drugs during treatment:
Along with them, chondroprotectors are assigned, the action of which is aimed at restoring cartilage tissue and intraarticular fluid:
- Chondroitin sulfate;
- Collagen ultra.
After removal of the plaster is obligatory grinding of the joints. During this special ointment is used:
- Is long;
- Balsam Toad Stone.
They are used strictly according to the instructions. The duration of the course is determined by the doctor.
If a crush or rupture of the meniscus occurs, or its complete separation is observed with hemorrhage into the joint cavity, then surgical treatment is prescribed. It involves the stitching of cartilaginous pads or its removal, in some cases, meniscus transplantation occurs (use of donor cartilaginous pads).
Surgical treatment involves the use of such techniques as arthroscopy. During it, small cuts are made, after them there are no scars. The operation itself does not take more than 2 hours, and rehabilitation after it passes very quickly. Already after 1-2 months you can play sports.
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