What should a baby be able to do per month?
The harmonious development of a child is largely determined by the first months of his life. In this article, we will talk about how much babies sleep and how many babies they eat at the age of a month, what motor skills they have, how facial expressions work.
Food and sleep
These two points - the most important thing that is required for a newborn baby. Baby recovering after childbirth, gaining strength.
At the age of one month from 24 hours a day, the baby sleeps approximately 17-19 hours. At the same time, it takes about 8-9 hours to sleep at night, and the remaining hours fall into a daytime sleep.
Feeding for the smallest babies also requires a lot. Depending on how much your baby is actively eating, what weight he has, he can eat at just 3 hours, or every 1.5 hours.
In this case, the feeding schedule for monthly babies is usually set by themselves, mothers only have to adapt to them. Make your own adjustments is worth it, if the crumb does not eat up or overeat, because both the first and the second are fraught with negative consequences.
Sight and hearing
The visual system in babies per month is just beginning to develop. Kids see everything very blurry. Often can be observed nystagmus - twitching of the eyeballs. This is not to be feared, since the phenomenon is quite characteristic of an unformed vision. Most babies have blue eyes, which is associated with a small amount of melanin in the iris. "Native" eye color will appear in the child closer to 6 months.
As for hearing, it is also in its infancy. The kid reacts to extraneous noises by fading, he still does not turn his head to the sound source, because he does not know how to determine it correctly.
Smell receptors in crumbs are better developed - from the very first weeks the baby is able to recognize the smell of the mother. Mothers should not use perfume, cosmetics that are strong in fragrance - the child simply may not recognize it and will cry.
Also it is necessary to say about the sharpness of psychological perception. The child compensates for insufficient development of the sense organs by reading, on a subconscious level, the emotions of the people around him, first of all, of course, the mother. If she is calm, then the child feels much better.If the mother is nervous, angry, afraid, then the child is experiencing severe discomfort. That is why it is very important to maintain a positive atmosphere in the house where there is a small child.
Tactile perception is very developed, and therefore it is necessary to monitor the temperature, humidity, textures of fabrics / things that the child touches. All these indicators should not be annoying.
Facial expression and speech
The mimicry of a child at 2-3 weeks is a copying of the mimicry of a mother, father, other close people who are often in contact with a baby. The child carefully examines faces - this is the first and so far the only thing that he sees well enough. Scarce diligently repeats the movement for you - frowns, sticks out the tongue, wrinkles nose and forehead.
The smile of a child at this age is of an involuntary, reflex nature. With her baby can instinctively respond to some pleasant things for him, and can smile without a reason. Only by the end of the first month and at the beginning of the second does the newborn smile begin to consciously respond to specific social contacts, voice and touch of the mother, etc.
As for what a child should be able to do per month in terms of speech, here you can only note cry and cry (and the first 2-3 weeks - without tears).Only by 5-6 weeks the child begins to publish its first full-fledged sounds. And in children with whom they talk a lot and often, they appear earlier and in greater variety.
After giving birth, the child loses one of the factors of comfort that are familiar to him - the tightness that was characteristic of prenatal development. Contacting now only with the surface on which it lies, the baby is experiencing stress. Because of this, the child in the first few months (and especially the first 2-3 weeks) often randomly moves her arms and legs, shudders, sways from side to side.
At such an early age, it makes sense to assess the overall physical development of the baby by innate reflexes. For example, you can put a crumb on his tummy and put his hands under his feet, see how actively he is trying to push off from them and move forward. And if you look at, say, the reflex of the automatic gait, then also watch how well the baby rearranges the legs. Moreover, it is very important to evaluate the uniformity of movement with both legs, arms, body. This will indicate a uniform, full development of the baby.Also in one month, the baby, lying on the tummy, is already trying to lift and hold the head.
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